Public Disclosure


Managing your reputation

For companies that recognize the importance of reputation management, reporting environmental information through leading disclosure channels and 3rd party organizations can improve public perception. The most common type of public reporting is in a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) or Corporate Sustainability Report. While offering companies the opportunity to tell their own environmental story, these reports may adhere to a number of standards that request carbon emissions data:

Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) G4 Reporting Standards: Reporting guidelines and implementation instructions for preparation of sustainability reports by organizations regardless of their size, location or industry.

AA1000 Global Reporting Standards: Global standard for assessing the credibility and quality of an organization’s sustainability reporting.

ISO 14000 Family: Addresses numerous aspects of environmental management through practical tools that organizations can use to identify and control their environmental impact and improve environmental performance.

Corporate Social Responsibility — employees, customers, investors and other stakeholders’ expectations of corporations are changing. A CSR report allows a company to tell its own story about being a good corporate citizen

Alternatively, companies can submit information to a number of rankings agencies and NGOs for purposes of assessing the environmental performance.

Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP): The CDP is an independent, not-for-profit organization working to drive GHG reduction and sustainable water use by business and cities. The Investor CDP questionnaire is sent to companies worldwide requesting data on carbon emissions, communications and climate-related behavior; the intended audience is investors and the public looking to align corporate performance with environmental stewardship.

Trucost/Sustainalytics and Newsweek’s Green Rankings: Each year, Newsweek commissions the research firms Trucost and Sustainalytics to analyze the environmental performance of largest publicly-traded companies in the US (the U.S. 500 list) and those based in developed and emerging markets worldwide (the Global 500 list). As part of the research process, the researchers contact each company soliciting data on environmental impacts and environmental management efforts, including emissions management; as well as apply an additional score based on this data’s public disclosure.

Finally, some companies choose to disclose their emissions information alongside their financial information in their annual reports (form 10-K in the US). Investors are increasingly using emissions accounting data, like financial data, to measure the sustainable growth of companies. As such stock exchanges have developed standards to compare companies based on the health of their growth operations with respect to their emissions:

FTSE4Good Index: A series designed to measure the performance of companies that meet globally recognized CSR standards. It can be used for investment, research, reference and as a benchmark index to track performance of investment portfolios.

Dow Jones Sustainability Index: A family of benchmarks for investors who believe sustainable business practices may lead to long-term shareholder value and who wish to reflect their sustainability convictions in their investment portfolios.


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